Since their birth, puppies are a dinner plate for worms. It is inevitable. Parasites have been around for ages and they are not going anywhere. So, it is essential to deworm your puppy regularly.
And you know what? Puppies can be born with intestinal worms. So there’s no time. Puppies are an open platform for worms. It can ultimately hamper your’s and your kid’s health too. It is a necessity to keep your puppy healthy. The first 6 months are crucial. For deworming newborn puppies, you will need to go to a vet. But after some time you can start deworming puppies at home too.
How Does Your Puppy Get Worms?
Most puppies are born with worms. However, in some cases, they get infected after birth. The following are the probable causes for that:
- Drinking contaminated water
- The nursing mother has worms
- Coming in contact with infected animals
- Swallowing fleas
- Eating meat with parasites
What Are The Different Types of Worms Seen in Puppies?
There are the following seven types of common intestinal worms seen in puppies:
These worms are white and round and are almost 12 centimeters long. They look like spaghetti. The most common spread of this infection is by coming in contact with the infected poo or dirt. The most common symptoms are diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, weight loss, slow growth and mucus in stool.
Hookworm is one of the most dangerous intestinal worms. It is easily transferred from mother to puppy during birth or suckling. The symptoms could be lethargy, anemia, loss of appetite and black tar-like stool.
Tapeworm enters the puppy when it eats larvae from an infected rodent or flea. There are no obvious symptoms to this, but you can see white rice like particles in the feces. Also, the puppy will eat a lot and gain no weight.
Whipworms are found in the digestive tract and cause inflammation of the bowel. You can also see mucus in stool and diarrhea or weight loss.
Coccidian lives in the intestine of puppies, but they enter the body through raw meat. You will see that your puppy has symptoms like fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea or weight loss.
This is a complicated worm. A mosquito is a carrier of heartworm. It causes heart and lung damage, coughing, lethargy, and fatigue. Heartworms are fatal and can be diagnosed by blood test.
Ringworm is a type of fungus that lives on the skin. It is highly contagious and can also be transferred to humans. As soon as you see oval bare patches on the skin of your puppy, limit skin contact and take it to a vet immediately.
Though heartworm is the most dangerous type of worms, the other worms also can cause serious health issues to your puppies. Worms need treatment right away. Sometimes, if the worms are not treated on time, they can even result in the death of your puppy.
How to Know If Your Pup Has Worms?
When the puppy gets infected, there are some obvious symptoms that indicate the presence of an infection. Majority of the times, worms are present in dog feces and can be seen. The eggs of the parasites are present in feces of an infected pup. Usually, they are too small to identify with naked eyes.
The two types of worms – tapeworm and roundworms can be seen easily. Tapeworms look like rice and are seen in feces, the rear portion of the puppy or the tail. Because the parasites are present in the rear area and stick to the hair, you will see your puppy scratching its rear on the ground. These parasites irritate the puppy.
Roundworms are long and white like spaghetti. Usually, these are seen in the vomit of the dog and feces. Other worms are not visible that clearly. You will need to look for the above-given symptoms and let the vet do his/her work.
Deworming Newborn Puppies
Puppies are more prone to worms because they do not have developed immunity like an adult dog. So it is essential that you deworm the puppy at every 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12th weeks of age. After that, the puppies are given a rest and dewormed again in the 16th week.
Even if your puppy does not show any sign of infection, you should get deworming done. The health of the puppy is more important, and you have to ensure that you are giving proper care.
After 16 weeks, the puppies need to be wormed every three months throughout their life cycle. Even pregnant or nursing mothers should be treated during mating, before giving birth and then every three months.
Deworming Puppies at Home
The treatment is not a complicated one. You can do it at home. You don’t have to go to a vet every time. Of course, during the first 8-10 weeks, you will have to take it to a vet for vaccination. Therefore, you can get your vet to test for worms and even treat the puppy. But at other times, you can do it yourself. There is all-worms medicine available online which can be given to your puppy at regular intervals, ideally every three months.
Many wormer medicines for puppies are available online for each type of worms. For instance, you can buy D-Worm Broad Spectrum De-Wormer, which is capable of treating and controlling tapeworms, roundworms, and hookworms. They are to be given according to the age and weight of the puppy. And when the puppy is not infected, and you are just taking precautions, you can administer all-worms medicine.
Puppies are delicate, and most of the worms can kill your puppy. However, don’t worry about it, worming is a simple task. Some de-wormer medicines are topical, for example, PETARMOR Plus for Dogs, some comes in the form of tablets like Dogs Dewormer by CatNDog, while some are in powder or paste form which is tasty for the puppy to gobble down and can be mixed into their food, for example, Safe-Guard Canine Dewormer.
You can administer worm-preventing medicines. Also, schedule a check-up with the vet at least twice in a year. Keep your puppy free of fleas, clean up the poo promptly, and get a prescription for heartworm prevention medicine.
You should also wash your hands frequently and don’t let them lick you and your kids. Make your pup sleep in its own independent bed. This way, you and your kids will also remain free of infection.